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St Andrews 1

10 August 2016

Duncan MacDonald  
Jakarta    8   October   2016  
1 North Berwick harbour Frank Shinta

  North Berwick Harbour   Frank  Shinta                                                                           Ferry to Anstrutherin

2 ferry to anstrutherin

      Ferry    to    Anstrutherin                      

3 Anastrutherin


4 Shinta Frank Anstrutherin

Shinta     Frank     Anstrutherin   Harbour         

5 St Andrews Shinta Frank

  Shinta     Frank       St   Andrews              

6 St Andrews

            The   Links   House     St Andrews Golf Club                                                            MacDonald   Rusacks   Hotel

7 St Andrews

    St   Andrews   Links    

      The Old Course at St Andrews is considered to be the 'Home of Golf'  because the sport was first played on the Links in the early 15th century.   Golf was becomming increasingly popular in Scotland until 1457, when James II   of Scotland banned golf because he felt young men were playing too much golf instead of practicing their archery.   The ban was upheld until 1502 when King James IV   became a golfer himself, and removed the ban.      

8 St Andrews

The   St  Rule   Club       (Ladies Club)                                                                         St  Andrews  

9 St Andrews Frank Shinta

Frank   Shinta   at   Martyrs   Monument      St   Andrews                

      The Martyers Monument was built in 1842-3.   It was dangerous to spread new religious ideas.   Patrick Hamilton   was the first Protestant martyr in Scotland. He was burned to death in St Andrews in 1528.   Henry Forrest   was put to death 1533 for possessing a New Testament in English, and declaring Hamilton's views were correct.   George Wishart   was a preacher, well known for spreading reformed beliefs in Scotland. He was arrested on orders of the Archbishop Cardinal David Beaton, and hanged and burnt near St Andrews Castle in 1546.   Walter Mill  was the last Scottish martyr. He was 82 years old when burned to death in 1558, for beliefs which included the marriage of priests.   Catholics were also put to death, including Cardinal Beaton.  He was assassinated by Protestant nobles who stormed the Castle following the burning of George Wishart.

10 St Andrews

St     Andrews                

11 St Andrews

St   Andrews   University                        
Carved stone celtic cross   7th century                 The Crucifixion of St Andrew   by Carlo Maratta   (1625-1713)                

                              Loaned to the University for its 600th anniversary, by the Earl of Wemyss & March.    
St Andrew  (brother of St Peter)   was crucified in AD 60, by the Roman govenor Aegeas.
He was tied to an X-shaped cross in Greece. This is represented by the white cross on the Scottish flag.

12 St Andrews University

      History of  Scotland   by   George Buchanan   1582                               Clement of Alexandria,   Opera Omnia,   printed in Paris 1612

    This copy of Reum Scoticarum historia   'History of Scotland'                   One of 80 books given to the University by James VI    
was owned by Andrew Melville, the first Principal of St Mary's after it                as a foundation gift to endow the Common University
became a college of Theology in 1579. Under him it became one of                  Library.
the foremost schools of Protestant theology in Europe.                                 

14-St Andrews University

              Mary Queen of Scots   by John Duncan 1929                         Homer   Greek poet 750-700 BC           John Napier  (1550-1617) inventer of Logarithms   

    This scene shows Mary Stuart (1542-1587), also known as   Mary Queen of Scots
on the eve of her execution. She was sentenced to death after being accused of
taking part in a plot to murder her first cousin, once removed, Queen Elizabeth I   of England.
She was executed on 8 February 1587 at Fotheringhay Castle in England. With her are her two attendants.
The inscription in French reads:   In my end is my beginning.             

14-St Andrews  Cathedral Frank Shinta

                                  St Andrews Cathedral     Frank   Shinta                                                                     St Andrews Cathedral   East Tower  

      The cathedral took 150 years to build. It was completed in 1318 becomming the largest church in Scotland, and the seat of religeous power until the 16th-century reformation.                               

14-St Andrews Cathederal Shinta

              St Andrews Cathedral     Shinta                                                                           The ruins of the nave of   St Andrews Cathedral  

    St Andrews Cathedral is a ruined Roman Catholic cathedral.   In 1559, during the Scottish Reformation, it was stripped of its alters and images; and by 1561 it was abandoned, and fell into disrepair.                               

16-St Andrews Shinta Frank St Rule

                                          Shinta    Frank      St Andrews Cathedral                                                                  St Rule's Tower                  

St Rule's Tower is located in the Cathedral grounds, but pre-dates it, having served as the church of the priory up to the early
12th-century. Originally the tower and adjoining choir were part of the church of St Rule, built in the 11th-century to house the relics
of St Andrew.   Legend credits St Rule (also known as St Regulus) with bringing the relics of St Andrew to the area from
their original location at Patras in Greece.

17-St Andrews Shinta Frank

    Shinta     Frank           St Andrews Cathedral          

18-St Andrews

        St   Andrews   Castle     remains of the south wall                                                                         St Andrews   ruined Castle     

      St Andrews Castle was built of stone c 1200, and was in use until 1689.  During the Wars of Scottish Independence, the castle was destroyed and rebuilt several times.   Scottsih Protestants took control of the castle after the burning at the stake of Protestant preacher George Wishart   in 1546.   Wishart's   friends gained entry to the castle disguising themselves as masons, working on some building repairs.   They overcame the garrison, murdered Catholic Cardinal Beaton   and hung his body from his window on the front of the castle.   The Protestants took refuge in the castle and formed the first Protestant congregation in Scotland.   In 1547 the castle was rendered indefensible after a devistating artillery bombardment by English and French cannons, lasting six hours.   Following the Protestant defeat a number of Bishops were involved in rebuilding the castle.   But after the Reformation in Scotland, the office of Bishop was increasingly eroded until it was abolished in 1689 by William of Orange.   By 1656 the castle had fallen into such disrepair that the local council ordered the use of its materials in repairing a pier.   The principal remains are those of the south wall.  

19-St Andrews

        St     Andrews                  

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