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6 August 2016

Duncan MacDonald  
Jakarta  18  September   2016      
1a  jedburgh

      Apex Hotel  Waterloo Place Edinburgh                                                       Edinburgh              

Apex Hotel - our accommodation in Edinburgh                                                        

1  Jedburgh

Waterloo   Place   Edinburgh                                                           Rabbies   Tours   Edinburgh         

2 Jedburgh

          Heather   Jedburgh                                                                                                    Jedburgh   Abbey

  Jedburgh Abbey was founded in the 12th century in the Scottish town of Jedburgh, 10 miles north of the border with England. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary as a fully fledged abbey, probably in 1147, by King David 1 of Scotland. It was establish by Augustine monks. As well as the lands and chapels in southern Scotland, Jedburgh Abbey owned substantial land in Northumbria. After the defeat of the English in 1297 at Sterling, by William Wallace, the abbey was pillaged and wrecked by the English in retribution. During his reign in the 14th century, Robert The Bruce of Scotland, continued to patroise the church. After the Scottish defeat in 1346 at the Battle of Neville's Cross, the English once again damaged the church. The abbey faced more destruction in 1410, 1416 and by the Earl of Warwick in 1464. In 1523 the town and abbey were set ablaze by the Earl of Surrey. The end came for the great Abbey of St. Mary of Jedburgh in 1560 and the comming of the Scottish Reformation. 

4 Jedburgh

    Jedburgh                                                                                            Jedburgh   Bikies        

3 Jedburgh

    Abbey   Bridge   Coffee   House             Jedburgh  

5 Border  Shinta

        Shinta   on   Scottish   /   English   border                

6 Border  Shinta

Shinta       Scottish   /   English   border                                          Frank     with   Bus   driver

7 Hadrians wall

Bus   Driver      Hadrian's   Wall                                                                 Bus   Driver     lecturing       Shinta    Frank     and  bus   passengers

 Hadrian's Wall was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, began in AD 122 in the reign of Emperor Hadrian. It represented the northern limit of the Roman Empire. The Wall was 80 Roman miles long or 117.5 km (73.0 miles). It is the largest Roman monument in the world. A popular misconception is that Hadrian's Wall marks the border between England and Scotland. This is not the case; Hadrian's Wall lies entirely within England.

8 Hadrians Shinta

        Shinta        Hadrian's   Wall          

9 Hadrians  Shinta

Sheep                    Hadrian's Wall           Shinta

    The construction of Hadrian's Wall was carried out almost entirely by three legions in the provence; the Second Legion based at Caerleon near Newport in south Wales, the Sixth from York and the Twentieth stationed at Chester. Within their ranks the legions contained archetect-engineers, surveyors, stone masons, carpenters and glaziers - all the skills required for the most massive building task. The Roman army did not employ slave labour in their building projects. The building was to take at least six years and modifications were still going on at the time of Hadrian's death in 138.

10 Hadrians wall

  Hadrian's   Wall       Shinta                                                                              Shinta   Driver   Frank             back to bus

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